The Sizu Plant (Euphorbia Splendid) is regarded as a symbol of their deity or God ‘Bathou’. Bagurumba is instituted to serve their supreme God. It had been originated by the tribal people known as the Bodos. It is generally considered as a light dance and gives simple description of the world of nature. The dance began as an attractive dance form and included movements of butterflies and birds. Recently, it has two variations– the Natural Bagurumba performed without any song and the Royal Bagurumba which is accompanied by songs.
Bagurumba is a tribal dance instituted just after the hard plantation work of the people. It acts as a way to relieve them of their pain at such work. Hence, it is common in the inhabited areas of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Nalbari, Darrang, and Sonitpur districts in Bodo. This dance is sometimes, also called as the Bardwisikhla dance.
Bagurumba is the most graceful dance of the Bodos where the dancers hop and swing, bend and unbend and give an impression of fluttering butterflies. It is a female–oriented dance formation performed with slow steps and outstretched hands. It involves energetic and exquisite steps and movements like those of butterflies and birds and is hence, sometimes rightly called ‘the Butterfly Dance’.
Bagurumba is a tribal dance performed by women and females. They dress themselves in the most colourful costumes consisting of colourful Jwmgra, dokhna and aronai. Musical instruments such as sifung, flute and kham or mandal which is a long drum made from goat skin and wood are mostly used. Other instruments may include Serja and a piece of split bamboo known as tharkha. The dance procession is ended by a festive prayer at Garjasali.