The literal meaning of Bardo Chham is the dance of horoscopes and is hence performed by the Sherdukpen tribal community on festive occasions. The local tribals believed that there are both evil and good forces that rule mankind. According to them, there are twelve types of stupid things or evil forces that appear in one year. These evil forces appear every month and get together. In order to get rid of or to fight these evil forces, the Shardukpens mask themselves in the mask of different animals. An ancient folk dance, not much is known about its origin, barring the fact that it was founded by the Sherdukpens who founded their own culture and hence become the famous dance of diversified India.
Music for Bardo Chham is played on a large frame drum with a long handle along with a stick on it. The tribals of Sherdukpens fight against the evil forces of mankind through this dance in accompaniment of drums and crymbals as an act of performance. It is usually performed on many festive occasions.
Bardo Chham dance is mainly the performance of an act. The act rejoices the victory of good over evil. Hence the performers of this dance wear masks along with colourful costumes. These masks representing different animals highlight the story behind the dance.