Clipperton is an island in the North Pacific Ocean, located to the south–west of Mexico, west of Nicaragua and Costa Rica and north–west of Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. It has a total area of about 6 sq. km and lies between the geographic coordinates10°17’N latitude and 109°13’W longitude. Stretching a coastline of about 11.1 km, it is about 12 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC and comparatively, ranks 247th in the world.
Clipperton Island enjoys a tropical and humid climate with average temperatures between 20°C–32°C. The wet season is from May–October. The island is an atoll and the highest point of elevation is the Clipperton Rock at about 29 m whereas the lowest point is the Pacific Ocean at 0 m. The only natural resource available here is fish.
No native vegetation was found on the Clipperton Island, except for the native grasslands, shrubs and coconut palms (introduced by the visitors). The fauna includes bright–orange crabs, birds, lizards and rats. Bird’s species such as white tern, masked boobies, sooty terns, brown boobies, brown noodies, black noodies, greater frigates, coots, martins, cuckoos and yellow warblers are found here. Also, ducks have been reported in the lagoon.
Clipperton Island is an uninhabited island, too small for human habitation. Efforts to colonize the island were unfavourable and were abandoned since 1917.Though 115 species of fish have been reported in its territorial waters, the only economic activity is tuna fishing. There are no ports or terminals. Absence of transportation, remote location and small area make this an island unfit for all types of habitation. The ownership and defence of the atoll is under the French government.