Epilepsy is a neurological disorder of the central nervous system in which the activity of the nerve cell in the brain is disturbed, causing a seizure due to which one can experience abnormal behaviour, different symptoms and sensations which also include loss of consciousness. Seizure symptoms usually vary among people.
There is only one variant of Epilepsy with many different causes. Epilepsy is usually characterized by seizures.
There is no identifiable cause found, but the condition can be traced to various factors like:
- Genetic influence: Some types of Epilepsy are categorized by the type of seizure a person experiences, which runs in the family. It is believed that in such cases there’s a genetic influence. Genes are only part of the cause of Epilepsy for some people. Whereas some genes in other people can make them more sensitive to environmental conditions that trigger seizures
- Head trauma: If a person is injured in an accident or has experienced any traumatic injury, it can cause Epilepsy
- Brain conditions: Brain conditions like brain tumours or strokes that result in damage to the brain can also cause Epilepsy
- Infectious diseases: Many infectious diseases like AIDS, meningitis and encephalitis can also result in Epilepsy
- Development disorders: Sometimes developmental disorders, like autism and neurofibromatosis are also associated with Epilepsy
Abnormal activity in the brain cells causes Epilepsy, seizures affect any process that our brain co-ordinates. Seizure usually produces symptoms like:
Loss of consciousness or awareness
Uncontrollable jerking movement of the legs and arms
The symptoms usually depend on the type of seizure, but in most cases the person suffering from Epilepsy has the same type of seizure always. So the symptoms remain similar.
One should consult a Neurologist, Neurosurgeon or a Physician.
- Take your medication correctly: The dosage levels should not be adjusted without consulting the doctor. If any change is required, the doctor should be consulted
- Get enough sleep: Adequate sleep is a must for the people suffering from Epilepsy, as lack of sleep can trigger seizures
- Exercise: Regular exercise helps in keeping the person physically fit and reduces depression
Stress should be managed; cigarettes and alcoholic beverages should be avoided.
Epilepsy is not curable but it can be controlled with medications and healthy lifestyle.