Fissure in Ano, is a tear in the anal canal. There will be bleeding on the toilet tissue paper and painful defecation.
Fissure in Ano is not a serious problem but highly discomforting. It can be easily treated. Local application of ointment to ease the sphincter muscle heals the Fissure in Ano. In severe cases, surgical or pharmacological remedies are recommended.
There is only one type of Fissure in Ano. The basic type is of the anal canal being torn, and this can be medically or surgically treated.
The symptoms of Fissure in Ano are bleeding from the anus on toilet paper. Constipation, painful stool and irregularity in bowel movements are some of the symptoms.
For Fissure in Ano, one should consult a General Physician or Colorectal Surgeon in the case of adults and children.
Fissure in Ano does not affect one permanently. It is an easily curable and manageable condition. It goes with surgical treatment if too severe. Application of ointment relieves symptoms in non severe cases.
Fissure in Ano is completely curable. It can be medically treated. Treatment may include surgical warm baths, diet with high fibre and stool softeners are the non surgical treatments. Surgery is for severe cases which includes sphincterotomy and anal dilation. Fissure in Ano can be prevented with careful anal hygiene. In children, diapers should be changed frequently. High fibre diet, consuming green leafy vegetables and fruits lead to smoother stools and regular bowel movements.
It is not always possible to prevent an anal fissure.
However, one of the best ways to prevent one from developing is to avoid becoming constipated and eating high fibre foods like, fruits, leafy green vegetables, whole-grain rice, wholemeal bread, seeds, nuts and oats.
Eating more fibre will keep your bowel movements regular because it helps food pass through your digestive system more easily. Foods high in fibre also make you feel fuller for longer.
If you are increasing your fibre intake, it is important to increase it gradually. A sudden increase may make you feel bloated.
Make sure you drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration and steadily increase your intake when you are exercising or when it is hot. Try to cut back on the amount of caffeine, alcohol and fizzy drinks you consume.
Never ignore the urge to go to the toilet. Ignoring the urge can significantly increase your chances of having constipation. The best time for you to pass stools is first thing in the morning, or about 30 minutes after a meal.
Not only will regular exercise reduce your risk of becoming constipated, but it will also leave you feeling healthier and improve your mood, energy levels and general fitness.