Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection which is caused by bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhea may be transmitted through discharge from the penis or vagina by any sexual act between humans. It may be from women to men or men to men. Gonorrhea can affect both men and women. This condition is highly infectious.
The symptoms of Gonorrhea in both men and women include:
- Pain while passing urine
- Pain during intercourse
- Unusual discharge from the penis or vagina
- Bleeding in-between periods for women
- Pelvic pain is common
- Discomfort in the eyes
The causes and risk factor includes:
- Young girls between in the age group of 16-19
- Young men between the ages of 19-24
- Unsafe vaginal sex with infected female and male partner
- Unsafe anal sex between infected male partners
Gonorrhea can be diagnosed by the above mentioned symptoms. Apart from the symptoms the doctor may advise a urine test for both men and women. Sometimes a swab from the anus, urethra, vagina taken with the help of a cotton bud, may help determine the condition of Gonorrhea.
Sometimes Oral Gonorrhea may occur because of Oral sex with infected partner. In this case, swab from the throat is taken for test.
Gonorrhea is curable. The gynecologist who is a specialist doctor for ladies or the General physician will guide with the medicine. Prevention is always better than cure.
Gonorrhea can be prevented by adopting some steps like:
Safe sex using a condom
Proper use of condom
Avoiding of sex with infected partner
Notifying your partner about the condition of Gonorrhea
Avoiding sex till full treatment is complete
Adopting a healthy lifestyle which includes safe sex and drinking of lots of water helps in preventing an infection like Gonorrhea.