According to the historians, very little is known about the historical background of the Trepak Dance. However, there is a little history about the dance from the Nutcracker. It has been recorded that the dance was developed and danced by the Ukrainian Cossacks even before Ukraine was taken over by Russia. Hence, one can say that the dance is tied to the Ukrainian traditions and has nothing to do with the costumes, music and choreography of Russia and its culture. Trepak was never danced as a part of the traditional cultural dance of Russia. Both ‘Trepak’ and ‘Hopak’ were never suggested Russian in origin by the Soviet government and were considered as distinct Ukrainian national dances. In Russia, it was only danced by the ballet dances in the Nutcracker.
The dance has a repeated pattern which gets faster slowly throughout the dance. The instruments used in the dance generally create a picture of an increasing tension in the dance. The technique of the dancers includes high jumps and spins and as the music gets louder, the dancers jump. The intensity of the music creates poses a tremendous challenge before the dancers and the musicians making the audience wonder how high, long and fast can these dancers and musicians go.
According to the Nutcracker, the dance is written in AABA form and is played in a presto tempo. With a signature of 2/4 and in the key of G major, this piece uses an entire symphony. The four important instruments include the strings, brass, woodwinds and the percussion. The intensity of the music depends on the increase in tempo and dynamics.