Eczema which is also referred as Dermatitis is basically a term for many different types of skin conditions. Eczema is not dangerous, but in most of its types, it causes the skin to become red, itchy and swollen. Eczema is a chronic disease. Atopic Dermatitis is the most common type of Eczema.
The most common variants of Eczema are:
- Atopic Dermatitis
- Contact Dermatitis
- Xerotic Eczema
- Seborrhoeic Dermatitis
The less common variants of Eczema are:
- Discoid Eczema
- Venous Eczema
It is assumed that the combination of genetic and environmental factors results in Eczema, as the exact cause of the same is still unknown. It is also assumed that dry, irritable skin with the malfunction in the body’s immune system also results in Eczema. Emotional disorders and stress worsens it, but they are not believed to be the cause of it.
The signs and symptoms of Eczema include:
- Severe itching, especially during the night
- Sensitive and raw skin from excessive scratching
- Red to brownish-gray patches
- Scaly, thick or cracked skin
The patches appear anywhere, but more often they appear on the feet and hands, especially in front of the bend of the elbow, behind the knees, on the ankles, wrists, neck, face and upper chest. In some cases, it also affects the skin around the eyes. Excessive scratching leads to redness and swelling around the eyes. It usually begins in early childhood before the age of 5 and may persist into adulthood. It occurs periodically and then subsides for some time, the time period can also be for many years.
One should consult a Dermatologist or a Physician if a person shows signs and symptoms of Eczema.